However, as Mr. Macy was building his empire, other department stores had opened across the frontier. This began to fulfill a merchandising manifest destiny, of sorts. The more important of these players were...

*Gimbel Brothers (1887), Milwaukee [divisions formed in Philadelphia, New York City and Pittsburgh]
*John Wanamaker & Company (1876), Philadelphia
*Kaufmann's (1871) [Founded by Jacob and Issac Kaufmann], Pittsburgh
*William Filene & Sons (1881), Boston
*Marshall Field & Company (1881), Chicago
*Dayton Company (1903) [Founded by George Draper Dayton], Minneapolis
*F & R Lazarus (1851) [Founded by Fred and Ralph Lazarus], Columbus (OH)
*W M Burdine & Son (1896), Miami (1898)
*Woodward & Lothrop (1887) [Founded by Samuel Walter Woodward and Alvison Mason Lothrop], Washington, DC
*Foley's (1900) [Founded by Pat and James Foley], Houston
*Morris Rich Dry Goods (1867), Atlanta
*The Bon Marche (1890) [Founded by Edward Nordhoff], Seattle
*The Emporium (1896) [Founded by Adolph Feiss], San Francisco
*The Broadway (1896) [Founded by Arthur Letts], Los Angeles
*Denver Dry Goods Company (1894) [The Denver], Denver