BELLEVUE SHOPPING SQUARE
Bellevue Way and Northeast 8th Street
King County (Bellevue), Washington

The earliest retail entity that will be inducted into the MALL HALL OF FAME held its official grand opening August 20, 1946. Known at the time as BELLEVUE SHOPPING SQUARE, the open-air, cluster complex was the nation's first Post-World War II shopping center. It occupied a 34.3 acre site, located 9 miles east of center city Seattle.

Construction had begun in 1945, before the end of the conflict. Kemper Freeman, Sr. and his brother Miller wrangled permission out of the US government to build a new, morale-building movie theater...utilizing the scarce construction materials available.

The first BELLEVUE business to begin operation, the 560-seat Bel-Vue Theatre, opened March 20, 1946. By the end of the year, sixteen stores were inline, including a 1-level (20,400 square foot), Seattle-based Frederick and Nelson.This store, which had served its first patrons on August 15, 1946, was the first suburban shopping center branch of Chicago-based Marshall Field's (Frederick and Nelson had been a subsidiary since 1929).

The retail hub became part of the newly-incorporated city of Bellevue in March 1953. Additional stores were added over the following years. J.C. Penney opened a dry goods only location in 1955. Frederick and Nelson expanded into a 3-level (158,000 square foot) anchor store in August 1956. Nordstrom's Shoes came inline in 1958.

By the late 1960s, BELLEVUE SQUARE ("shopping" being dropped from the center's official moniker in the early 1950s) had expanded to a fifty store shopopolis. Retailers in operation at this time included Clark's Crabapple Restaurant (a 1946 charter tenant), Karl Larson's Village Shoes, Florsheim Shoes, Mamselle and Mr. Paul's Hair Design, Uncle Harold's, Thompson Drugs, Pacific National Bank, a Petram's 5 and 10, J.J. Newberry 5 and 10 (in the original Frederick and Nelson building) and an A & P supermarket. Moreover, a second anchor store, Nordstrom Best, had been officially dedicated December 1, 1967.

CROSSROADS CENTER {3.2 miles northeast, in Bellevue} was completed in 1964. Subsequent retail rivals for BELLEVUE SQUARE included TOTEM LAKE MALL (1973) {6.5 miles northeast, in Kirkland}, FACTORIA MALL (1975) {3 miles southeast, also in Bellevue} and -eventually- REDMOND TOWN CENTER (1997) {5.2 miles northeast, in Redmond}.

All of this competition probably prompted the Kemper Development Company to embark upon a total rebuild of the existing, open-air complex in 1980. Leaving only the Frederick and Nelson standing, the remainder of the shopping center was demolished. A bi-level, fully-enclosed mall was constructed, which was designed by George Wrede. In addition to the existing Frederick and Nelson, the new BELLEVUE SQUARE was anchored by three department stores.

A 3-level (180,000 square foot), Seattle-based Nordstrom was completed in 1981. A 3-level (180,000 square foot) J.C. Penney was added in 1982. Finally, a 3-level (180,000 square foot), Seattle-based The Bon Marche ["bon mar-shay"] came inline in 1984. With its completion, BELLEVUE SQUARE encompassed 1,090,000 leasable square feet and one hundred and forty-five inline stores.

The shuttering of Frederick and Nelson, on May 25, 1992, resulted in a vacant anchor at the mall. Negotiations with New York City-based Saks Fifth Avenue fell through. Eventually, it was decided not to lease the 185,000 square foot space to a single retailer. Instead the area was sectioned into forty-five smaller store spaces. The first of these opened for business August 1, 1993.

New stores included F.A.O. Schwarz, Ann Taylor and Brooks Brothers. Moreover, the basement level of the Frederick and Nelson building was refashioned into a 51,000 square foot The Bon Marche Home Store.

Anchor stores at BELLEVUE SQUARE were refurbished in the mid-1990s. Nordstrom was expanded by 90,000 square feet (now encompassing 270,000 square feet) and J.C. Penney was enlarged into a 200,000 square foot location. The most recent expansion of the mall was finished in 2000. A 120,000 square foot, bi-level building, THE CORNER AT BELLEVUE SQUARE, included Crate and Barrel, P.F. Chang's China Bistro and ZTejas Southwestern Grill. BELLEVUE SQUARE now spanned 1.3 million square feet and housed over two hundred stores and services.

The Bon Marche was rebranded as Bon-Macy's in August 2003. The store received a Macy's nameplate March 6, 2005. A 40 million dollar renovation of the shopping venue got underway in 2007. No new retail area was added, but several of the major inline stores, such as Williams-Sonoma, Banana Republic and Pottery Barn, expanded into previously-existing space.

Likewise, the interior of the mall proper was given a facelift, making it into more of an "urban-gardenlike" setting. New flooring, lighting, seating and landscaping were installed. The project was completed in November 2008.

Sources:

Eastside Heritage Center, Bellevue, Washington
"Bellevue Square" article on Wikipedia
http://www.bellevuesquare.com/
http://www.neighborhoods.com/ /Bellevue Square History
http://www.historylink.org/ /Essay # 4143/Alan J. Stein/February 2003
"Bellevue: Its First 100 Years"/Lucille McDonald/Bellevue Historical Society, 2000
King County, Washington tax assessor website

12 comments:

Hair Farmer Joe said...

Really nice post about some of the history of what has gone on here in Bellevue. It used to be all about the mall, but now there is so much more going on here and the entire Eastside!

The Curator said...

HFJ,

Thanks much for perusing and posting.

Yup, it seems that there is a lot going on across the bridge(s) (from Seattle) there....

It must be a great place to live...altho I surely could never afford it.

Cheers, nonetheless,

Anonymous said...

It's pretty cool that you've included, "Mr. Paul's Hair Design" because that was my father's hair salon. My mother also worked there as a cosmotologist, in fact that's how my parents met and then fell in love in beauty school and then eventually married. They used to put me up on the table in my little basket and all the customers would oggle over me. I have many fond memories of those days back when the wishing well was there and FTD florists was right next door. Those wonderful flowers, how they smelled so fresh and fragrent! The Crabapple restaurant was where we ate on many occasions, and I remember seeing Madam Butterfly at the Bel-Vue Theatre. Those were the days when we could happily and joyfully cross the streets running and laughing, not a care in the world. Go to Nordstrom Best and buy shoes and or pearls for my mother. Or go to Fredrick & Nelson and get a "Frango Shake" and have lunch with the fashionable ladies and trying to be one myself. Hahaha - Wow, those were the days. So, a huge thank you for remembering and including "Mr. Paul's"!!! Best regards, Lisa Hilderbrand - www.eastsidespin.com and Seattle PI Blogger, "Eastside Inside".

The Curator said...

Lisa,

Thanks so much for the BELLEVUE SQUARE memoirs! I was more than glad to include your parents' salon in my run-down of late '60s shopping center tenants.

I have read about these "Frango" milkshakes. Was it some kind of chocolate ? (us easterners wanna know, hee hee).

Best of luck with your East Side blogs.

Thanks again for posting.

Cheers,

Anonymous said...

Hi Dennis,

It was one of the best chocolatie (spelling) minty delicious shakes that you've ever tasted. It's to bad they went away - they're sorely missed around here. Although I believe that you can still buy Frango's in there box at Macy's in Bellevue Square. It's just that the shakes, were, "the bomb"!!
Take care,
~Lisa

The Curator said...

Lisa,

A "Frango" shake...a real Nor'western thing, I guess. Sounds good..as I love anything chocolate.

I was able to post the photo of the hair salon on here...a nice addition (thanks to the Eastside Heritage Center).

Hope things are going great for you in Bellevue.

Thanks for posting.

Cheers,

dea41396 said...

JCPenney is 3 floors... I can give you a link to the video of the elevator in JCPenney that goes to 3 floors if you would like... The way they demolished the mall and rebuilt it in the 80's seems exactly like what KoP did...

The Curator said...

Dea,

Article ammended.

With this mall...the only thing left standing -during the 1980s renovation- was the Frederick and Nelson. Everything else was newly-built.

KOPP...humm...they tore down just about everything..the old Wanamaker's was left....the original Penney's must have bitten the dust. I'm not entirely sure...but I believe at least some of the 1963 mall is still there, though.

I may have to dig deeper and see what I can find.

Thanks for posting,

dea41396 said...

@TheCurator: One of my friends filmed a Service Elevator at KoP that is definately from c. 1963/c.1965 so there is SOME of the c. 1963/c.1966 plaza left but VERY Little, most of it was rebuilt in 1981/1983. Also the original JCPenney was torn down in 1992 as Stern's closed and JCPenney moved to the former Stern's allowing for the demolition of what I believe to be all of the c. 1963 plaza (the Original JCPenney area) but the c. 1966 plaza was kept during the 1981/1983 ren. but its mallways were overhauled during the 1995/1996 renovation/expansion

The Curator said...

Dan,

So...there is a small portion of the 1963 building remaining...I believe where Woolworth was...

Thanks for posting.

dea41396 said...

@TheCurator: It could be. On the floorplan I emailed you, I referred to it as the original JCPenney but now that I think of it the old Penney's wasn't in that spot so yeah you're right it probably is the ol' Woolworth's

The Curator said...

I've read somewhere that a part of the old Woolworth structure is still there.

I'm surprised that they left anything.

Thanks for the KOPP plan, btw.