King of Prussia 

A project to physically join the PLAZA and COURT malls got underway in January 2013. A 140,000 square foot connecting structure (in dark gray) would house inline stores and include a third mall food court. The project was completed in August 2016. The adjusted GLA of the merged malls now stood at 2,651,600 square feet, with the retail roster now listing nearly 400 stores and services.

West Delkalb Pike / US 202 and Goddard (Mall) Boulevard
Montgomery County (Town of Upper Merion), Pennsylvania

Indianapolis' Simon Property Group established an eighty percent share in Kravco Investments in November 2003, with the name of the entity being changed to Kravco Simon Investments. This company owned the PLAZA and COURT malls.

Remodeling projects at the PLAZA property involved a renovation of The Garden Food Court (carried out between January and June of 2011) and an interior face lift of J.C. Penney. In September 2006, the octagonal anchor store in the PLAZA was rebranded as a second Macy's location, known as Macy's Plaza.

This store was shuttered in July 2007. It was demolished in July 2011, with a 2-level (100,000 square foot) section of stores being built in the space. The ten-tenant addition featured a remodeled mall entrance, expanded parking garage and new locations for Forever 21 and H & M.

In August 2011, the Simon Property Group established a 96 percent ownership share in the two KING OF PRUSSIA MALLS...removing most involvement of the Kravco entity. In November, they announced an expansion of the malls which got underway in January 2013. The two retail hubs were physically connected via a forty-eight-store structure. This encompassed 140,000 leasable square feet and include the upscale Savor Food Court.

The merged mall was officially dedicated on August 18, 2016. It now encompassed approximately 2,651,600 leasable square feet, with a retail roster of over four hundred stores and services. A new name had been also been bequeathed; KING OF PRUSSIA.

As the expansion was being built, a major anchor store change took place. Sears Holdings announced, in January 2014, that they would be leasing 75,000 square feet of the upper level of the KING OF PRUSSIA Sears to Dick's Sporting Goods. This store held its grand opening November 7, 2014. Sears, by then downsized into its lower level, closed for good in January 2015. Irish fashion retailer Primark renovated a 2-level (80,700 square foot) section and opened November 25, 2015.

This was the first United States location for Primark, which operated over 250 stores in eleven Western European nations. By 2018, the chain expected to have seven stores in operation in the United States.  

Another anchor alteration played out in 2017. Plano, Texas' J.C. Penney chain announced the closing of 120 mall-based stores in March. The KING OF PRUSSIA MALL store, a tenant since August 1963, was among these. A liquidation sale commenced April 17, with the store going dark in June.

"Paradox Unbound, My Pilgrimage To King Of Prussia Plaza" / Mitch Glaser
Malls Of America Blogspot / Keith Milford webmaster / "King Of Prussia Plaza" postings                                  / Peter Van Allen
"Court At King of Prussia" article on Wikipedia (Suburban Philadelphia Movie Theaters and Drive-ins / Mike Rivest)
Comment post by "Go Nordrike!"
"King Of Prussia Plaza" and "Court At King Of Prussia" articles on Wikipedia
San Jose's Valley Fair Center

VALLEY FAIR CENTER was developed in conjunction with BAY FAIR CENTER in San Leandro. A single logo was used to promote both shopping hubs, which included either a "V" (for VALLEY FAIR) or "B" (for BAY FAIR).
Stevens Creek Boulevard and Eastshore Freeway
San Jose, California

One of the earliest regional shopping centers in Santa Clara County was built on a 41 acre tract, located 5.5 miles southwest of San Jose's Central Business District. VALLEY FAIR CENTER, an open-air retail venue, was designed by Victor Gruen Associates and developed by Macy's California.

The 488,000 square foot mall, anchored by a 3-level (157,300 square foot) Macy's, was dedicated August 10, 1956. When fully-leased, the complex included Joseph Magnin, Mode O' Day Frock Shop, Thom McAn Shoes, Campi's Music, Leed's Qualicraft Shoes, Lerner Shops, The Cable Car Restaurant and an F.W. Woolworth 5 & 10.

VALLEY FAIR CENTER was famous for the carnival rides that had been installed on the roof of its Macy's. Included were a 40-foot ferris wheel, merry-go-round and mini-train. These attractions were removed in late 1957.

In 1963, the center was sold to El Segundo, California-based Ernest W. Hahn, Incorporated. It was around this time that a 78,600 square foot fourth level was added to the existing Macy's, taking space previously used for the "rooftop fair". The store now encompassed 235,900 square feet.

In the 1970s, the first of many parking garages was added to the east end of the complex. Henceforth, the shopping hub was known as VALLEY FAIR MALL.

The original South Bay shopping hub is promoted in this vintage yuletide advertisement.
Drawing from

A nighttime shot of the VALLEY FAIR CENTER Macy's, showing its high-end Mid-Mod design.
Photo from / "HmDavid"

Rooftop carnival rides were a feature of the original VALLEY FAIR CENTER Macy's. These were removed in 1957, with the space becoming a fourth retail level in 1964.
Drawing from

North Court in the original, open-air VALLEY FAIR CENTER. The mosaic-tiled tower on the left was part of an exhaust system for a subterranean shipping and receiving area.
Photo from Malls Of America Blogspot

Another VALLEY FAIR shopping concourse is seen in this black & white snapshot. Going from left to right, the stores are Lerner Shops, Thom McAn Shoes, Mode O'Day Frock Shop and McWhorter-Young Stationers.
Photo from / "HmDavid"
Stevens Creek Plaza

A circa-'65 physical layout of Santa Clara County's adjacent shopping plazas. VALLEY FAIR had opened in 1956. STEVENS CREEK PLAZA, added to a previously-existing Emporium store, came along in 1964. The centers were accessed by the California Route 17 expressway, which had been completed in the late 1950s.


THE EMPORIUM (with Stickney's Hick'ry House Restaurant and freestanding Tire Center) / I. MAGNIN / Bloom's Florsheim Shoes / Burk's Luggage / Ferguson Music House / Granat Brothers Jewelers / Marcus Furs / Mark Fenwick ladies' wear / Roos-Atkins / Safeway supermarket / Super S Drug / Wells Fargo Bank (outparcel) 

A circa-1965 aerial view of the shopping venues. VALLEY FAIR CENTER is seen in the center, with STEVENS CREEK PLAZA occupying the upper left corner.
Photo from Malls Of America Blogspot

The south facade of Emporium Santa Clara, which was the third branch of the San Francisco-based chain. Originally a freestanding store, it was incorporated into STEVENS CREEK PLAZA in the mid-1960s.
Photo from / Arnold Del Carlo 

San Francisco-based I. Magnin opened its STEVENS CREEK PLAZA location in 1964. Most recently, the building has housed Copeland Sports and Sports Authority stores.
Photo from / Arnold Del Carlo

Stevens Creek and Winchester Boulevards
Santa Clara, California

The 3-level (231,000 square foot) Emporium Santa Clara opened March 8, 1957. A branch of the Bay Area-based Emporium chain, the freestanding store sat on a 24 acre plot, situated west of VALLEY FAIR CENTER. A (22,300 square foot) Safeway supermarket occupied a pad west of The Emporium.

STEVENS CREEK PLAZA, an open-air mall of fourteen stores and services, was added to the existing Emporium and Safeway stores in 1964. It included a 2-level (32,000 square foot) I. Magnin, plus Roos-Atkins, Mark Fenwick ladies' wear and Granat Brothers Jewelers.

Competing shopping malls sprang up in the region during the 1970s, including EASTRIDGE CENTER (1971) {6.9 miles east, in San Jose}, OAKRIDGE MALL (1973) {6.4 miles southeast, also in San Jose}, VALLCO FASHION PARK (1976) {3.3 miles west, in Cupertino}, and SUNNYVALE TOWN CENTER (1979-2007) {5.5 miles northwest, in Sunnyvale}.
Valley Fair  / Westfield Valley Fair

A circa-1987 site plan depicting the recently-merged malls, now known as simply VALLEY FAIR. During the connecting-renovation project (indicated in light gray), most of the original VALLEY FAIR CENTER had been torn down. Only its Macy's remained. The old STEVENS CREEK PLAZA was retained, renovated and incorporated into the new complex. The expressway running by the mall had just been designated as Interstate 880.

A circa-2001 site plan shows all of the changes done to the mall since the 1980s. The 1986 structure (shown in black) has been expanded with a second mallway (indicated in medium gray) linking a new Nordstrom with the original Macy's (now a Women's Store). Three parking garages have also been added. WESTFIELD SHOPPINGTOWN VALLEY FAIR now encompasses 1,473,500 leasable square feet.

WESTFIELD VALLEY FAIR in 2014. The mall has just emerged from a minor redo, where two sections were remodeled. Near Nordstrom, a "Luxury Collection" was created. On Level 2, the existing Food Court was refashioned into a "Dining Terrace".

The uber upscale Luxury Collection wing features "fashion forward" and "first-to-market" names such as Cartier, TAG Heuer and Wolford.
Drawing from (The Westfield Corporation)

The new Dining Terrace features Pizza Vino Bar, Super Duper, Chicken Wow, Old Port Lobster and Panda name a few.
Drawing from (The Westfield Corporation)

If the mall wasn't already big enough, it will be when a 600 million dollar expansion is completed. A long-delayed remodeling got underway in 2016. By 2019, a 2 million square foot buying behemoth will feature a fourth anchor (Bloomingdale's). There will also be a third major shopping concourse (in dark gray), two high-tech "digital garages" and a movie theater (the first in the mall's 60-year history).

Here we see a recently-completed Outdoor Dining Terrace area, with a shiny new Bloomingdale's in the upper right corner of the rendering.
Drawing from (Westfield Corporation)
Stevens Creek Boulevard and Eastshore Freeway
San Jose, California

In 1985, the TrizecHahn corporation acquired STEVENS CREEK PLAZA and began a large-scale renovation of it and VALLEY FAIR MALL. The bulk of VALLEY FAIR was razed, leaving only the Macy's and its parking garage standing. The department store, expanded by 160,000 square feet, would now comprise 396,000 square feet of floor space.

A 100 million dollar, 2-level mall concourse was built. This linkied an expanded Macy's with the Emporium and I. Magnin at the old STEVENS CREEK PLAZA. At the center of the center was a 2-level (168,000 square foot) Nordstrom. Renamed simply VALLEY FAIR, the amalgamated mall encompassed 1.2 million leasable square feet. One hundred and twelve stores (out of an eventual one hundred and seventy-five) were dedicated October 15, 1986.

Shopping malls in the VALLEY FAIR trade area (not including the aforementioned 1970s centers) included WESTGATE MALL (1960) {2.9 miles southwest, in Campbell} and GREAT MALL OF THE BAY AREA (1994) {6.4 miles northeast, Milpitas}.

Anchor stores at VALLEY FAIR changed nameplates during the 1990s. I. Magnin closed in 1992. Its building was leased as Copeland Sports (which eventually morphed into Sports Authority). The Emporium was expanded with an additional (85,000 square foot) third level, for a grand total of 316,000 square feet. The store was rebranded as a Macy's Men's & Home Store in 1996.

In 1998, TrizecHahn sold the complex to a joint venture of Australia-based Westfield Holdings (now the Westfield Corporation) and the Maryland-based Rouse Company. Westfield soon established full ownership of the venue and renamed it WESTFIELD SHOPPINGTOWN VALLEY FAIR. This was truncated to WESTFIELD VALLEY FAIR in June 2005.

A major expansion had begun in late 1998. The project, encompassing three phases of construction, included two parking garages and a new 3-level (225,000 square foot) Nordstrom. A fifty-store, wrap-around concourse (built north of the existing mall and connecting the original Macy's and second Nordstrom) was dedicated in 2001. The circa-1986 Nordstrom was sectioned into smaller retail spaces within the new concourse.

2006 brought news of a third major expansion of the 1,475,600 square foot, two hundred sixty-two-store, WESTFIELD VALLEY FAIR. The project was to add 650,000 leasable square feet in a second wrap-around concourse of seventy-two stores. This would be built on the south side of the existing mall, replace a parking garage, and connect the two Macy's stores.

Two new anchors, a 2-level (120,000 square foot) Neiman Marcus and 3-level (150,000 square foot) Bloomingdale's, would be included in the new concourse. Moreover, the existing Safeway supermarket and CVS Drug, outparcels of the circa-1964 STEVENS CREEK PLAZA, would be relocated to new structures and a parking garage would be built to replace the parking structure being demolished.

The project was approved by the local government in November 2007. However, The Great Recession derailed the prospective renovation. It was put on indefinite hold in May 2009.

In the meantime, a refurbishment of two sections of the existing mall was carried out. Work started in September 2012. The Food Court on Level 2 was gutted and rebuilt as a more upscale "Dining Terrace". It encompassed 23,000 square feet and eighteen eateries.

On Level 2 of the mall, just east of Nordstrom, tenants were relocated to other spaces in the mall. The concourse became a "Luxury Collection" of high-end retailers, with names such as Cartier, Burberry, TAG Heuer, Wolford, Prada and Zara. These new sections of WESTFIELD VALLEY FAIR were officially dedicated November 1, 2013.  

In 2015, the long-awaited expansion of the mega mall was revived. The original plan for two new anchor stores (Bloomingdale's and Neiman Marcus) was amended to include only a 3-level (150,000 square foot) Bloomingdale's and state-of-the-art ShowPlace ICON cinema. Construction commenced in early 2015 on a high-tech "digital garage", which was replacing an existing structure at the northeast corner of the mall site.

The new garage was dedicated in late 2015. Following this, an existing parking structure at the front of the shopping hub (running along  Stevens Creek Boulevard) was demolished; this to provide room for the new Bloomingdale's, Outdoor Dining Terrace and second "digital garage". An ICON movie megaplex was also to be installed in another area of the mall. These projects should be completed by the year 2019.

Meanwhile, Westfield's American and European property portfolio was merged into the holdings of Paris-based Unibail-Rodamco in June 2018. A new company, known as Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield was created. Westfield shopping centers in Australia and New Zealand were not included in the merger.


"Westfield Valley Fair" article on Wikipedia / Mike Carrol Productions
Post By Paul
Santa Clara County tax assessor website
San Francisco Business Chronicle (article by Renee Frojo)
Los Angeles' Del Amo Center

An aerial view of the original DEL AMO CENTER. Sears, the south anchor, faces the Hawthorne and Sepulveda Boulevards intersection seen in the foreground.
Photo from Cal State University Dominguez Hills Archives
Sepulveda and Hawthorne Boulevards
Torrance, California

The eleventh shopping mall in Los Angeles County was developed by the Del Amo Estate Company and designed by Los Angeles' Welton Becket & Associates and the Stiles & Robert Clements firm. The open-air complex was situated on a 78 acre site, located 20.5 miles southwest of center city Los Angeles, in the suburb of Torrance.

Ground was broken for DEL AMO CENTER in December 1957. Two department stores anchored the original 984,000 square foot complex. A 4-level (225,000 square foot) The Broadway opened for business February 16, 1959. Sears' 2-level (234,000 square foot) store began business September 30, 1959. A 2-level (70,000 square foot) J.C. Penney opened March 16, 1961; signifying completion of the 40 million dollar shopping hub.

The center, consisting of a main mall level and service basement, included Silverwood's apparel, Hallmark Greeting Cards, LeRoy's Jewelers, Lerner Shops, C.H. Baker Shoes, Thom McAn Shoes, National Shirt Shops, Del Mar Women's Accessories, Young's Maternity Shop, Tamara Women's Shop, Foreman & Clark apparel, an Ontra Cafeteria and 2-level (21,000 square foot) F.W. Woolworth 5 & 10. A (24,400 square foot) Joseph Magnin opened in previously-existing store space in March 1965.

There was also a (71,000 square foot) Convenience Center in the northeast parking area which included Thrifty Drug, Curl'N Comb Beauty Salon, Del Amo Barber Shop, Model Finance and Vogue Cleaners & Launderers. Its primary tenant, a (35,000 square foot) Magic Chef Market, featured a bakery, restaurant, flower shop, donut shop and Homemaker's Bazaar (which sold home accessories).

A second outparcel structure, in the southeast section of the mall site, housed a Two Guys discount mart, which opened in 1973. It became a FedMart in mid-1977 and was rebranded by Target on April 17, 1983.

The 600' by 40' mallway at DEL AMO CENTER. The original complex housed seventy-two stores and services. With two large freestanding structures figured in with its gross leasable area, the shopping hub encompassed over 1 million square feet.
Photo from Cal State University Dominguez Hills Archives

A 1962 view of the freestanding Convenience Center. It contained six retail tenants, including Thrifty Drug and a Magic Chef Market supermarket. In later years, it would house a megaplex cinema and, then, a fitness center.
Photo from Cal State University Dominguez Hills Archives
Bullock's Fashion Square (Del Amo)

The first fifteen stores in BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE (DEL AMO) opened in September and October of 1966. By the time of this 1967 plan, the seventeen-store open air complex was complete. It encompassed approximately 342,000 leasable square feet. Its larger open-air counterpart, DEL AMO CENTER, occupied a land parcel south of West Carson Street.


BULLOCK'S DEL AMO (with The Tea Room and Men's Grill restaurants) / I. MAGNIN / DESMOND'S / Alpert's Shoes / Bell's Gifts / C.H. Baker Shoes / Chandler's Shoes / Country Club Fashions ladies' wear / Crocker-Citizen's Bank (outparcel) / Draper's ladies' wear / Field's fashions for young ladies / Gentry, Limited men's wear / / Music Man Del Amo (sheet music, instruments, records & electronics) / Polka Dot ladies' wear / Ranchito Grill / Slavick's Jewelers 
West Carson Street and Hawthorne Boulevard
Torrance, California

A 57 acre site directly north of DEL AMO CENTER was developed, by the Los Angeles-based Bullock's Realty Company, as an open-air shopping venue. It was the third of their Southern California BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE shopping centers.

In order of their completion, these were BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE (Santa Ana), BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE (Sherman Oaks), BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE (Del Amo) and BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE (La Habra).

Fifteen stores in BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE (Del Amo) were in operation at the mall's official grand opening, which was held October 31, 1966. Stores included a 4-level (250,000 square foot) Bullock's Del Amo, Desmond's, Ranchito Grill, Music Man Del Amo and Gentry Limited. The sixteenth -and final- store, a 1-level (25,000 square foot) I. Magnin, held its grand opening March 6, 1967.

In 1969, the complex was sold to Los Angeles-based developer Guilford Glazer, who initiated a redevelopment project in March 1970. This renovation enclosed the existing BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE and added an 800,000 square foot East Wing. Its 2-level (160,000 square foot) Montgomery Ward was dedicated April 28, 1971, with a 2-level (150,000 square foot), New York City-based Ohrbach's serving its first patrons August 9 of the same year.

New mall tenants included Karmelkorn, an F.W. Woolworth 5 & 10 and the United Artists Del Amo 4 multiplex. This venue showed its first features on August 18, 1971. A new name was also bequeathed. The shopping venue would be known, henceforth, as DEL AMO FASHION SQUARE.

Montgomery Ward anchored the east end of a greatly enlarged DEL AMO FASHION SQUARE. The store, the first operational tenant in the expanded -and enclosed- mall wing, opened in April 1971.
Photo from J. Paul Getty Trust / Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles / Julius Shulman

Ohrbach's, also a part of the new wing, opened in August 1971. DEL AMO FASHION SQUARE now encompassed approximately 1,100,000 leasable square feet and housed one hundred and sixty stores and services.
Photo from Los Angeles Public Library / Ralph Morris
Del Amo Fashion Center

A circa-1975 physical layout of the two DEL AMO malls; BULLOCK'S / DEL AMO FASHION SQUARE (on the north) and DEL AMO CENTER (on the south). This plan shows FASHION SQUARE after it had been enclosed and expanded (in 1971). Its new East Wing is indicated in medium gray. DEL AMO CENTER would remain open-air until the early 1980s.

The two DEL AMO malls were merged into one super-sized complex between 1978 and 1981. The original shopping venues are shown in black; the new connecting concourse is indicated in light gray. With this addition, the newly-named DEL AMO FASHION CENTER was the largest enclosed mall in the USA. The Los Angeles Times would proclaim it "King of the Malls".

A circa-2009 layout. A lot had changed since 1981. A freestanding movie megaplex, the Mann 9 Theatres, was in operation between 1991 and 2000 (in space now occupied by LA Fitness). Macy's rebranded three anchor stores between 1996 and 2006. The 1971 addition to the northern FASHION SQUARE section was razed and replaced with an Outdoor Promenade (in medium gray) in 2005-2006.

In this circa-2017 plan, we see a renovated and expanded DEL AMO FASHION CENTER. The remainder of the FASHION SQUARE section has been demolished and replaced by a 2-level upscale enclosed mall (in medium gray). It is anchored by a newly-built Nordstrom. Levels 2 and 3 of the old The Broadway have been repurposed as a Dick's Sporting Goods.

The 2-level, Outdoor Promenade, which was dedicated in September 2006. Within its thirty-five store spaces were retailers such as Metro Park, Guess and Levi's.
Photo from (RTKL Associates, Inc.)

There were also Eddie Bauer, Free People and Urban Outfitters locations. Sit-down restaurants included Lazy Dog Cafe and P.F. Chang's China Bistro.
Photo from (RTKL Associates, Inc.)

A rendering of the northwest corner of  DEL AMO FASHION CENTER. This view is looking toward the southeast, with Fashion Way on the left and Hawthorne Boulevard on the right.
Drawing from (Simon Property Group)

Another rendering, this of the new upscale enclosed mall. This shows the entry into the 2-level area, as it would appear when coming from the center's Outdoor Promenade.
Drawing from (Simon Property Group)

Here we see a newly-renovated area of the existing mall. The North Entrance of the Macy's Men's & Home Furniture store is in the distance, with the Patio Cafes (food court) in the foreground.
Photo from (Simon Property Group) 
West Carson Street and Hawthorne Boulevard
Torrance, California

Developer Guilford Glazer acquired DEL AMO CENTER in 1977. In September of the same year, he announced a plan to link the mall and the fully-enclosed DEL AMO FASHION SQUARE into a single entity.

This would be done with an enclosed concourse extending south from FASHION SQUARE, over West Carson Street, and connecting to a 2-level (171,400 square foot), Los Angeles-based J.W. Robinson's (which was being added to DEL AMO CENTER).

Construction commenced on the 20 million dollar project in 1978. The amalgamated mall, christened DEL AMO FASHION CENTER, was dedicated November 20, 1981. With 3 million leasable square feet and three hundred and fifty-five stores, it was the largest enclosed shopping center in the United States; a distinction held until the dedication of Minnesota's MALL OF AMERICA, in August 1992.

Regional competitors included CARSON MALL / SOUTHBAY PAVILION (1973) {4.9 miles northeast, in Carson} and SOUTH BAY GALLERIA (1985) {2.3 miles northwest, in Redondo Beach}.

J.C. Penney had, by the late 1980s, been expanded into a 163,300 square foot operation. Anchor nameplate changes got underway in 1987. Ohrbach's was shuttered and re-opened, as a Stor Furnishings, International, in mid-1989. Following this store's closing in 1992, the building was divided between Marshalls (Level 1) and T.J. Maxx (Level 2). T.J. Maxx opened in September 1993; Marshall's in December of the same year.

I. Magnin at DEL AMO FASHION CENTER closed in 1989, with its space sectioned into two restaurants and The Good Guys!, a Brisbane, California-based electronics outlet. Robinson's morphed into Robinsons-May in January 1993. Bullock's was "Macy-ated" in November 1995.

The Broadway went bust in November 1996. Its store was divided between Jo-Ann Fabrics (Level 1) and a Macy's Home & Furniture (Levels 2 & 3). The Macy's store opened in July 1999, with the Jo-Ann location holding its grand opening in November.

Meanwhile, a second motion picture venue had opened at the mall. The Mann Del Amo 9 multiplex debuted on March 22. 1991. The theater, an eastern outparcel, operated concurrently with the in-mall United Artists multiplex, on the north end of the shopping hub.

The new century brought more anchor store changes. Montgomery Ward closed in early 2001. Its building was never retenanted. Robinsons-May was rebranded as the mall's third Macy's in September 2006.

In the meantime, the shopping center had changed hands. The Arlington, Virginia-based Mills Corporation bought the complex in July 2003 and sold a 50 percent share to J.P. Morgan Fleming Asset Management. In turn, the assets of The Mills Corporation were acquired by the Indianapolis-based Simon Property Group in April 2007.

A 160 million dollar mall renovation got underway in February 2005. The eastern half of the circa-1971 DEL AMO FASHION SQUARE was demolished, including its vacant Montgomery Ward. A 2-level (thirty-five-store) "Outdoor Promenade" was built, which was anchored by the American Multi-Cinema Del Amo 18.

This new lifestyle wing was dedicated September 14, 2006. Inline stores included Cohiba Cigar Lounge, Lazy Dog Cafe, RA Sushi Bar restaurant, Urban Outfitters, P.F. Chang's China Bistro, Anthropologie and the Lucky Strike Lanes bowling alley.

In late 2013, the mall housed three hundred and fourteen stores and services, with three separate Macy's locations. The store in the upper levels of the old The Broadway, listed on the Macy's website as the Macy's Del Amo Home Store, was labeled as Macy's Home & Furniture on the Simon Property Group's DEL AMO FASHION CENTER website.

The old Bullock's was listed as Macy's Del Amo Fashion Center (its address being 21600 Hawthorne Boulevard). Simon said the store was Macy's North. The Macy's that had originally opened as a J.W. Robinson's was listed as Macy's Del Amo Fashion Center (at 21760 Hawthorne Boulevard) on On the Simon site, the same store was Macy's South.

To clear up confusion and consolidate operations, Macy's Inc. announced that, as of late 2014, the three stores would be merged into two. The original Bullock's would become a Macy's Women's, with the old J.W. Robinson's being refashioned into a Macy's Men's & Home. The original Home & Furniture, operating in the upper levels of the old the Broadway, would be shuttered.

As the DEL AMO Macy's operations were reconfigured, a major reworking and refurbishment of the mall was undertaken. The Simon Property Group had originally announced said project in August 2010, but was close-lipped until July 2013, when a more detailed plan was presented.

The 200 million dollar DEL AMO FASHION CENTER renovation was to be done in three phases. The first entailed a relocation of the existing Food Court southward, into a space just north of the J.W. Robinson's / Macy's Men's & Home. The 10-bay culinary complex, officially known as Patio Cafes, included Panda Express, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Sbarro, Ginza Grill and Blaze Pizza. These opened for business between December 2013 and May 2014.

At the same time, tenants such as Old Navy, Vans, Hollister, Frederick's of Hollywood, Pac Sun and American Eagle Outfitters moved from the original BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE mall into quarters located in other sections of the complex.

Phase Two of the remodeling entailed demolition of the vacant BULLOCK'S FASHION SQUARE structure. This was completed in early 2014. The Bullock's / Macy's Women's building was retained, renovated and worked into a 2-level, "upscale enclosed mall". This would be anchored by a 2-level (138,000 square foot) Nordstrom, a relocation of a circa-1985 store at SOUTH BAY GALLERIA.

The new mall section would encompass approximately 538,000 leasable square feet and ninety-five inline stores. A multilevel parking garage, adjacent to the new Nordstrom, was also built. Sections of the existing mall were renovated with new interior decor, signage and landscaping to make them more consistent with new construction.

Nordstrom welcomed its first shoppers on October 9, 2015. Fifty-five inline stores opened on the same day. These included Kate Spade, Lane Bryant, Zara, Victoria's Secret, Vera Bradley, Nyx Cosmetics and H & M. By November 2015, twenty more upscale enclosed mall retailers had opened their doors.

Phase Three of the renovation was centered on the circa-1961 DEL AMO CENTER section. It was thoroughly remodeled, with new flooring, handrails and mall entrances installed. This final phase of reconstruction was completed in 2016. The vacant upper levels of the old The Broadway building became a Dick's Sporting Goods in the spring of 2017.

DEL AMO FASHION CENTER now consisted of three "distinct shopping districts"; the new upscale enclosed mall, circa-2006 outdoor village (a.k.a. Outdoor Promenade) and circa-1960 value-oriented enclosed mall (DEL AMO CENTER). The gargantuan complex encompassed approximately 2,608,000 leasable square feet and contained a whopping two hundred and forty stores and services.


The Torrance Herald
Cal State University Dominguez Hills Archive website
Comment posts from Randy and Paul
www.macy' / Mike Rivest
Los Angeles County tax assessor website
The Daily Breeze


The images from the Cal State University Dominguez Hills Archive illustrates a key moment in the mall's history that is described in the article. The images are not replaceable with a free-use or public-domain images. The use of the images does not limit the copyright owners' rights to distribute them in any way. The images are being used for non-profit, informational purposes only and their use is not believed to detract from the original images in any way.
Arizona's Scottsdale Fashion Square

A vintage snapshot of the 3-level Goldwaters which served as the sole anchor of the original SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE. The open-air complex was built between 1958 and 1961.
Photo from / Arizona Memory Project / Scottsdale Historical Society

Talk about humble beginnings! Here we see the very first segment of what would become SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE. There were only four tenants in business in early 1959; a liquor store, barber shop, camera shop and A.J. Bayless supermarket.
Photo from / The Arizona Republic

A circa-1977 plan of the two adjacent shopping centers. SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE originated with a five-store plaza (in black). An open-air mall (in dark gray) and Goldwaters were added in 1961. The mall was expanded westward in 1974 (in medium gray). CAMELVIEW PLAZA was dedicated in 1972. Its Bullock's (in light gray) has just opened.

East Camelback and North Scottsdale Roads
Scottsdale, Arizona

Greater Phoenix's fifth major open-air mall was developed by Harry Lenart. It was constructed on a 32.2 acre plot, situated 13 miles northeast of the Arizona State Capitol, in suburban Scottsdale. The site, formerly farm fields, had been utilized for a rodeo stadium by the Scottsdale Jaycees in the mid-1950s.

A small shopping plaza was built on the eastern half of the parcel. Dedicated January 8, 1959, it was anchored by an A.J. Bayless supermarket. A Ryan-Evans Drug store was completed later in 1959.

In 1960, construction got underway on an open-air mall. Added to the existing plaza, it would consist of a single retail level and be anchored by a 3-level (100,000 square foot), Phoenix-based Goldwaters. This store held its grand opening October 9, 1961.

SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE encompassed 228,000 leasable square feet and housed over twenty stores and services. These included Joe Hunt's Steakhouse, Jennifer's ladies' wear, Leonard's Luggage, Stan's Delicatessen, a Guggy's Coffee Shop and branch of the First National Bank.

A Los Angeles-based joint venture , known as the Coldwell Banker Fund, acquired the mall in November 1972. In the following year, ground was broken for a westward expansion. Consisting of 2 retail levels, the open-air West Wing was anchored by a 2-level (180,000 square foot), Phoenix-based Diamond's, which opened on March 18, 1974.

In the early years, the primary retail rival of SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE was the fully-enclosed LOS ARCOS MALL (1969) {3 miles south, also in Scottsdale}.
Camelview Plaza

A street view of the structure that was originally built as CAMELVIEW PLAZA. In 1972, the mall and its 10-story bank and office tower incorporated around 465,000 square feet. In its early years, the complex was anchored by Texas' Sakowitz.
Photo from Google Maps

A freestanding movie house, the Cinema Seven CamelView Plaza Twin, was completed a year after the dedication of the CAMELVIEW PLAZA mall. In more recent times, the Mid-Century Modern structure operated as the CamelView 5. It was shuttered in December 2015.
Photo from (Harkins Theatres)

East Camelback Road and North 68th Street
Scottsdale, Arizona

In June 1970, plans for a second East Camelback Road mall were announced. The fully-enclosed complex would be developed by Chicago's John F. Cuneo. Chicago's Belli & Belli architects would design the structure, which would occupy a 26.9 acre parcel directly west of (and next door to) SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE.

CAMELVIEW PLAZA was built over a subterranean parking garage. The shopping hub, which was officially dedicated in late 1972, was anchored by a 2-level (110,000 square foot), Houston-based Sakowitz.

Charter stores and services included Lillie Ruben ladies' wear, Courreges Boutique, The Mole Hole gift shop, Magic Pan Creperie and 10-story Bank of Arizona office tower. The Harkins Cinema Seven CamelView Plaza Twin Theatres opened June 17, 1973, as a northeast parking area outparcel. The venue was expanded into the Harkins CamelView 5, which made its debut July 13, 1990.

Meanwhile, a second anchor store had been added. The mall's 2-level (159,000 square foot), Los Angeles-based Bullock's opened its doors January 29, 1977.
Scottsdale Fashion Square

A contemporary view of the mall's Palm Court. Originally, its area was an open-air promenade. A skylighted, 3-level atrium was created in 1986-1987, when the original FASHION SQUARE mall was expanded and enclosed.
Photo from Wikipedia / "Flyer84"

Dillard's has maintained a FASHION SQUARE presence since 1984, when they acquired the Diamond's chain. Between 1986 and 1998, Dillard's bounced around the mall(s) so many times that it is difficult to keep up with all of the changes (until now, at least). Four past and present anchor boxes have housed Dillard's stores. There was even a virtually forgotten "double-header" operation for 3 & 1/2 years.

The bulk of the post-1980s mall consists of 2 floors; the Lower and Upper Levels. A section lying between Macy's and Crate & Barrel also has a basement, known as the Palm Court. In this plan of the Lower Level, additions are shown in gray. Construction of 1989-1990 (the CAMELVIEW PLAZA connector) appears in medium gray. The circa-1998 Nordstrom Wing appears in light gray, as does an enlargement of a vacant Bullock's. This store was remodeled and occupied by Dillard's.

A circa-2009 physical layout of Arizona's Diamond In The Desert. The mega mall dedicated its tenth enlargement in October 2009. A vacant anchor on the east end was removed and replaced with a Barney's New York, 2 levels of subterranean parking and an extension of the mallway that housed several toney tenants.

A circa-2010 photo of the mall's southeast entrance. The two restaurants flanking the Lower Level entry corridor in this shot are no longer in business. Marcella's Ristorante Pizzaria & Wine Bar shut down in September 2011. Modern Steak followed in May 2013.
Photo from Wikipedia /  "Cygnusloop99"

Barney's New York was built on the site of the old east parking garage. Like the two aforementioned restaurants, this "luxury department store" was short-lived. It was dedicated in October 2009, but was shuttered in May 2016.
Photo from Wikipedia /  "Cygnusloop99"

In a near-constant state of renovation, SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE dedicated a North East Expansion in December 2015. This project added a state-of-the-art multiplex and Dick's Sporting Goods retail store.
Drawing from Nelsen Partners Architects  

Soon after the construction dust settled, work was underway on another mall enlargement and refurbishment. An Elevated Luxury Wing was built on the northwest corner of the complex. Its first phase brought 2 levels of trendy retail and restaurants; all surrounding a grand mall entrance. The first new stores opened in November 2018. Subsequent development phases will add luxury apartments, an office tower and posh hotel. 
Drawing from (Macerich Company)  

A circa-2019 plan includes the mega mall's North East Expansion and Elevated Luxury Wing (both indicated in medium gray). With these modifications, the gross leasable area of SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE stands at around 2 million square feet, with a tenant list of approximately two hundred and fifty stores and services. 
East Camelback and North Scottsdale Roads
Scottsdale, Arizona

The two malls at the corner of Camelback and Scottsdale Roads operated on a competitive -but friendly- basis for several years. In May 1983, Phoenix-based Westcor bought the FASHION SQUARE center. By this time, the CAMELVIEW PLAZA mall was owned by Scottsdale-based Business Realty of Arizona.

Dillard's established a presence at the FASHION SQUARE mall, when it acquired the Diamond's chain in 1984. However, the store would continue to operate under the Diamond's nameplate for over 2 years. Sakowitz in CAMELVIEW PLAZA was shuttered in February 1986. Soon after, Dillard's began renovating that store.

A double-header was created, with the old Sakowitz becoming Dillard's Camelview, which sold women's and children's merchandise. Diamond's was reconfigured as Dillard's Fashion Square, which carried men's apparel and accessories, home furnishings and electronics. The dual-Dillard's operation made its debut in September 1986. The stores were connected by a parking lot shopper's shuttle, known as The Dilly.

In 1986-1987, the FASHION SQUARE mall was expanded upward, with 2 retail levels, and was fully-enclosed. At the same time, the CAMELVIEW PLAZA Bullock's was enlarged with a 65,000 square foot, west side addition. When the renovation was completed, the store encompassed 224,000 square feet.

Westcor embarked on a project to join the two adjacent shopping centers in 1989. A 2-level concourse was built that extended from the west end of FASHION SQUARE, crossed over North Goldwater Boulevard, and connected to the east entrance of CAMELVIEW PLAZA. This concourse, which housed one hundred stores and services, was completed in November 1990. Although now physically linked together, the mall's continued to operate under their original names.

The early '90s renovation project included the construction of a 3-level (236,000 square foot) Dillard's, which was built on the north side of the existing Dillard's Fashion Square. This store, which was dedicated June 20, 1990, consolidated the individual women's and men's Dillard's operations, which were shuttered.

Neiman Marcus assumed the vacant Dillard's Camelview store, and opened in the fall of 1991. The vacant Dillard's Fashion Square was sectioned into inline stores, including a Food Court and Harkins Fashion Square 7. This venue showed its first features March 15, 1991.

Likewise, the A.J. Bayless building, at the northeast corner of the mall, was torn down. Goldwaters had been rebranded as a Los Angeles-based J.W. Robinson's on February 26, 1989. The store was expanded to 235,000 square feet, taking the space of the old supermarket. A parking garage was also built.

The malls were maintained as two individual shopping centers until Westcor purchased CAMELVIEW PLAZA in August 1995 and renamed the entire (1,400,000 square foot) merged mall SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE. The Robinson's store had morphed into a Robinsons-May on January 31, 1993. The CAMELVIEW Bullock's was shuttered May 31, 1995 and sat vacant for over 2 years.

Another major expansion of the shopping center got underway in the mid-1990s. This time, a connecting corridor was built onto the mall's south side, which extended over Camelback Road to a 3-level (235,000 square foot) Nordstrom. The new South Wing included three parking garages and was dedicated September 25, 1998.

Meanwhile, Dillard's was busy renovating the vacant CAMELVIEW Bullock's. The store was expanded, taking in all the inline retail area of the old CAMELVIEW PLAZA. When the construction dust settled, the new Dillard's location encompassed a whopping 365,000 square feet. It opened for business August 8, 1998 and became the flagship of the entire chain.

The previous Dillard's, in the FASHION SQUARE section of the mall, re-opened as a Sears on February 17, 1999. SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE now comprised approximately 1,929,600 leasable square feet and was the largest shopping center in Arizona.

The dawn of the 21st century brought more changes. The owner of the mall, Westcor, was absorbed by the Santa Monica-based Macerich Company in May 2002. Sears had been shuttered in January 2001 and re-opened -as a Macy's- in August 2002. Robinsons-May closed in June 2006.

On September 1, 2007, a 130 million dollar mall renovation got underway. The vacant Robinsons-May building was bulldozed, along with adjacent parking garages on the store's north and east sides. These were replaced by 2-levels of underground parking, topped off by a 2-level (65,000 square foot) Barney's New York and bi-level mallway addition housing eighteen store spaces.

The Barney's New York Expansion was officially dedicated October 15, 2009. Joining the SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE retail roster were tenants such as Love Culture, Aqua Beachwear, Arthur, Michael Stars, Ed Hardy, Modern Steakhouse and Marcella's Ristorante Pizzeria & Wine Bar. With the reconstruction, the GLA of SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE was increased to approximately 1,939,600 square feet.

A subsequent expansion -the mall's eleventh- got underway in July 2014. It added a 1-level (50,000 square foot) Dick's Sporting Goods, which was dedicated July 17, 2015. The Harkins Camelview At Fashion Square 14 megaplex showed its first features December 18, 2015. The two existing Harkins venues had been shuttered; the Fashion Square 7 on December 6 and CamelView 5 on December 10.

By late 2017, another mall renovation and expansion was underway. The shopping concourse between the Palm Court area Neiman Marcus was refurbished with new flooring, elevators, escalators, store fronts and ceilings.

An Elevated Luxury Wing was created, which included a grand mall entrance and contained stores such as Trina Turk, Saint Laurent and the Breitling, Hublot and IWC Schaffhausen Swiss watch boutiques. Casual dining restaurants, including Ocean 44, Nobu and Toca Madera, joined the tenant list.

The first new stores opened for business in November 2018. SCOTTSDALE FASHION SQUARE now encompassed over 2 million leasable square feet, with a tenant roster of over two hundred and forty stores and services.


The Arizona Republic
Maricopa County, Arizona tax assessor website
"Scottsdale Fashion Square-North Expansion" prospectus / Nelsen Partners
"Scottsdale Fashion Square" article on Wikipedia


The photographs from the Arizona Memory Project / Scottsdale Historical Society and Arizona Republic illustrate a key moment in the mall's history that is described in the article. The images are of  lower resolution than the originals (copies made would be of inferior quality). The images are not replaceable with free-use or public-domain images. The use of the images does not limit the copyright owners' rights to distribute them in any way. The images are being used for non-profit, informational purposes only and their use is not believed to detract from the original images in any way.
Rochester's (Greece) Towne Mall

The original Fountain Court at (GREECE) TOWNE MALL. This shopping facility, which opened in mid-1967, served as the nucleus of today's 1.5 million square foot THE MALL AT GREECE RIDGE.
Photo from Malls Of America Blogspot

Rochester-based Sibley, Lindsay & Curr was the sole anchor of the original (GREECE) TOWNE MALL. The store was the fifth branch in the Sibley's chain.
Drawing from

A TOWNE MALL advertisement from May 1967. It is quite interesting how, in those days, a shopping center could be extolled for having everything "all inside".
Advert from The Catholic Courier

A physical layout of TOWNE MALL, as it was situated in late 1968. An in-mall Loblaw's supermarket had opened in November. With its completion, the complex spanned 360,000 leasable square feet and housed forty-six stores and services under its roof.

A snapshot of the "Wonderful Wonderfall" that graced the South Court at TOWNE MALL. These water-less faux fountains, which consisted of floor-to-ceiling nylon strands with descending drops of glycerine, were a popular enclosed mall feature in the mid-to-late 1960s. Due to their high maintenance requirements, they quickly fell out of favor.
Photo from