A Disclaimer:

These notes were assembled using the information that I have on hand, which came from several sources. Some degree of calculation was also necessary as, in some cases, there was no previously-established precedent.


FAIR USE OF SOUTHDALE CENTER IMAGE:

The photograph from the Minnesota Historical Society helps illustrate a key moment in shopping mall history that is described in the article. The image is not replaceable with free-use or public-domain images. The use of the image does not limit the copyright owners' rights to distribute the image in any way. The image is being used for non-profit, informational purposes only and its use is not believed to detract from the original image in any way.